Amoebiasis: Signs And Symptoms Of The Disease

Amoebiasis is a common infection occurring in the gastrointestinal tract of humans. It is caused by a parasite known as Entamoeba Histolytica. Entamoeba Histolytica often burrows deep into the walls of the intestines, causing infections and abscesses. From the intestinal walls, it can travel to the spleen, liver, and all other essential parts of the body, thereby causing further infection.

Amoebiasis can lead to more serious complications if not given immediate treatment. Therefore, it is imperative to seek medical assistance if the presence of this disease is suspected in a person. A person who has this disease may feel a number of symptoms but in some cases, the condition can be asymptomatic, where no symptoms are felt at all.

Signs That a Person May Have Amoebiasis

The symptoms of amoebiasis may range from mild to severe. Not all people that have this disease may show signs of the infection but when symptoms do appear, they may take in a variety of forms, including the following:

  • Vomiting: This may be an indication of severe infection in the gastrointestinal tract.
  • Diarrhea: Persons with mild amoebiasis may pass stool at least three to eight times a day. The stool may be soft with specks of mucus and blood.
  • Bloody stools: This is an indication of chronic or more severe amoebiasis. Usually, individuals may pass bloody, liquid stools of at least 10 to 20 times per day.
  • Abdominal pain
  • sudden weight loss
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Nausea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Fever
  • Fatigue: This can result due to the loss of a lot of liquid in the body.
  • Intestinal gas
  • Rectal pain during movement of bowel

How Long Will the Symptoms of Amoebiasis Last?

The duration of symptoms may differ from person to person but usually, signs may develop and may manifest themselves in people for days and even weeks. While some people may be lucky enough not to feel any adverse symptoms at all, some may suffer greatly from the onset of the disease. Some people with asymptomatic amoebiasis may carry the disease for a number of years before they may finally succumb to the effects of the infection.

Amoebiasis Can Lead to Complications

People with amoebiasis may not only suffer from the primary symptoms of the disease. Without proper treatment, the disease can lead to certain severe complications. There are several complications of amoebiasis that may arise and these include liver abscess, lung abscess, and brain abscess. These complications are often characterized by the presence of pus in the liver, lung, and the brain.

Amoebiasis Can Be Misdiagnosed

There are instances that the attending physician may commit a mistake in diagnosing the real condition of a patient showing the various symptoms of amoebiasis. Misdiagnosis is a common occurrence as the symptoms may also be signs of other diseases. At times, the misdiagnosis may be committed because of wrong information provided by the patient, misleading laboratory tests, and partly because of mistakes committed by the attending doctor.

Due to misdiagnosis of amoebiasis, a person may not be provided with proper treatment at the most possible time. In the process, the individual may likely suffer more from the infection. There are two forms of misdiagnosis. One is that the condition may be mistaken for another type of disease. The second may deal with what type of amoebiasis is present. To avoid the consequences of misdiagnosis, it may be advisable to seek a second opinion.

Spiraea, Pink Beauty Of The Marsh

Hardhack is a pinkish-purple beauty, a wetland shrub with a mass of fuzzy pink flowers. This tough and reliable shrub is ideal for a wild garden where a leggy and somewhat untamed plant will be allowed to thrive.

What is Hardhack?

Hardhack is a spiraea, a member of the rose family. Its formal name is Spiraeadouglasii.

Many plants and animals in the Pacific Northwest were named after David Douglas, an early explorer in the area. The flowers grow in a long cluster, bunching together to look like pink fuzz. They vary in color from light pink to a deep pinkish-purple. The flowers have a peculiar scent, reminiscent of potpourri left in a drawer. Its leaves are long and somewhat egg-shaped.

How to Grow Douglasii

This spiraea is a sturdy plant. Hardback will grow in sun to part shade and tolerates a wide range of soil pH. Its only requirement is that hardhack loves moist soil. It’s fast growing, and if left to its own devices in a suitable location, hardhack will grow into a nearly impenetrable thicket. Find it in wetland areas in the Pacific Northwest of North America, growing around the fringes of streams and marshes. This shrub can grow up to two meters high.

Propagating Hardhack

Since the plant is so vigorous, propagating it from suckers in the spring seems to be the most logical method of propagation, though Plants for a Future does suggest that it can be started from seed in a cold frame.

Hardhack is a Useful Plant

Hardhack’s branches are thick and wiry, perhaps leading to its common name. For those who are interested in using the plant, its branches can form tough wreaths and brooms. They were used as implements by indigenous people of the Pacific Northwest. Nancy Turner’s Thompson Ethnobotany (1990) states that an infusion of the seeds can be used to halt diarrhea. The branches are the most useful part of the plant, and they have been used to make brooms, hang salmon to smoke, and string clams for roasting.

Using Hardhack to Attract Wildlife

The dense shrub forest created by a group of hardhack plants makes a good place for wetland birds to nest. Bees also love the fuzzy flowers. For those who live by the edge of a forest, grouse are said to be attracted to the dried flowers.

Hardhack is a vigorous and leggy plant well-suited suited to the wild wetland garden. Plant it at the side of a stream and let its beautiful flowers and fragrance adorn the side of the water garden. Give it some space, and hardhack will act as a great backdrop to a native plant garden in the Pacific Northwest.

 

Everything You Should Know About Lasik Eye Surgery

LASIK , or “laser assisted in situ keratomileusis”, is not a specific procedure, it is a category of refractive surgeries. Often misspelled or mispronounced as “lasic” or “lasix,” there are multiple types of LASIK surgeries. Only a qualified LASIK surgeon can determine the feasibility of a specific procedure for a specific patient.

What is LASIK Surgery?

LASIK surgery is eye surgery, performed by laser, which allows correction of vision problems. The surgery is not appropriate for all patients. In all LASIK procedures, the vision correction results from a removal or reshaping of some portion of the cornea in the eye. There are five major types of LASIK, each of which may be suitable for different patients.

Custom Wavefront LASIK

In this form of laser eye surgery, special three-dimensional measurements of the eye are used to map out resurfacing the laser will perform. This is referred to as “custom” because of the highly individualized results that are not easily replicated with normal corrective procedures. Use of this type of LASIK can result in excellent vision correction with a reduced risk of negative effects.

Epi-LASIK

During this procedure, a flap is cut into the upper layer of the cornea. A laser is then used to shape the cornea in the area where the flap has been lifted. After the procedure is completed, the flap is returned to its original position to allow the cornea to heal. Patients undergoing this form of surgery will likely wear contacts for the first few days after the procedure to allow the cornea to heal properly.

IntraLase LASIK

This form of laser eye surgery uses two different lasers during the surgery. Instead of creating a flap using traditional methods of cutting the flap, the corneal flap is created by a second type of laser. The use of this type of laser reduces potential complications involving the corneal flap, but this procedure may not be appropriate for all patients.

PresbyLASIK

This is an advanced laser vision correction surgery which allows custom vision adjustments for seeing at varying distances. Sometimes called “multifocal” LASIK, this surgery is used to allow an eye surgeon to correct vision in part of the eye for distance, while another portion of the eye is adjusted for near vision.

Things to Consider Before Having Laser Vision Correction Surgery

The decision to have laser eye surgery should not be taken lightly. While rare, there is a possibility of severe complications. Discounted surgery rates should be carefully researched and regarded as suspicious until the patient is sure that the doctor is well trained and the lasers are properly maintained.

Skunk Cabbage, Beauty Of The Marsh

In early spring, things can get smelly in the marshes of North America. Who is responsible? Not a skunk, but a plant named for one: the skunk cabbage. A swamp full of these plants emits an odor that permeates through the forest. The stinky smell is a cunning way to attract pollinators that flock to rotting things. Flies, beetles, and other carrion-feeders love skunk cabbage.

Western Skunk Cabbage Has a Beautiful Yellow Bract with Tiny Flowers

Smell aside, the skunk cabbage is a strikingly beautiful plant. In western North America, the Western skunk cabbage (Lysichiton Americanus) is also called swamp lantern for its striking yellow hood. The tiny flowers are found on the central part of the spike, or spadix, while the yellow hood that looks like a yellow flower is actually a bract. Skunk cabbage also has large, oval leaves that are a beautiful and substantial addition to a pond or wetland garden. These leaves can grow up to a meter long and over 30 centimeters wide.

Western Skunk Cabbage Used by Bears and People

The Western Skunk Cabbage has an interesting connection to animals outside the wetland environment. The plant is one of the first to appear in the spring. Black bears will eat the root of the skunk cabbage, using it as a laxative as they come out of hibernation. While most parts of the plant were steamed, roasted, and eaten by indigenous people in times of famine, skunk cabbage should not be eaten raw. It can be very painful to the mouth, since it contains calcium oxalate. Skunk cabbage was also used as a medicinal plant for burns.

Eastern Skunk Cabbage: Another Smelly Marsh Plant

Eastern Skunk Cabbage (Symplocarpus Foetidus) is another member of the arum family, although it is not in the same genus as the Western Skunk Cabbage. The plant is slightly smaller than its Western counterpart, and it has a brownish-red bract. Those who walk through the swamp should take care around this plant, since its damaged leaves produce a strong smell. Another adaptation to its marsh environment is the odd root system that the skunk cabbage exhibits. Most plants grow taller as they get older, but the skunk cabbage roots contract, pulling the plant deeper into the wet soil. This makes them hard to remove from the garden and difficult to dislodge from a natural marsh.

Unique Wetland Plants Create Their Own Heat

Both species of skunk cabbage are noted for their ability to flower and pollinate in the very early spring, when snow may still be on the ground. It is actually able to melt surrounding snow by creating heat, a technique called thermogenesis. While scientists do not yet fully understand the way in which plants can create heat, this appears to happen as a byproduct of cellular respiration. Whatever the cause, don’t be surprised if skunk cabbage appears from under the snow, digging itself out in the early spring.

Growing Skunk Cabbage in the Pond or Water Garden

Skunk cabbage is grown in North America as a native plant, but it is also grown in Europe for its yellow bog flowers. It can be a cornerstone of a marsh or pond garden. The plant is stunning when grown by the water’s edge as a feature plant with leaves drooping over the side of the pond. Make sure that it has wet roots, though! Even those with pools of water in the garden can grow skunk cabbage, since puddles are its preferred growing environment.

Bringing unusual plants into the pond or wetland garden is a way to explore the diversity of species in the wetlands of the world. Skunk cabbage is a beauty, with exotic characteristics and large foliage that makes it a great candidate for the bog or pond garden.

Health Checks As A Tool Of Project Management

Using “critical friends” to review the state of a project is an inexpensive way of avoiding major problems. Project reviews and their documentation is a useful part of the project management process that starts with the Project Proposal and its formal approval.

When and Where Should a Project be Reviewed?

All projects have a lifecycle for example an IT project may go through initiate, design, build, test and implement stages. There should be a formal decision to move to the next stage and release the finance. As part of that decision it may be useful to have a health check performed to validate the scope and plans are still valid and the project is on a sound footing.

There is a clear need for a project health check if there are known problems or the project sponsor feels exposed and uncertain about the viability or status of the project.

A change of project sponsor or manager would also be a good time to trigger a health check. In any case a new project manager, coming in with fresh eyes, should conduct her own project review modelled along these lines.

How to Health Check a Project

The coverage and contents of a project review or health check should examine in particular the following key areas:

  • Project Business Case and Approval – Has it been formally approved by senior management and key stakeholders? Does it represent the business need and is it aligned with corporate strategy? Is the scope under proper change control to stop creep?
  • Business Sponsorship – Is there a clear business sponsor who champions the project and is responsible for achievement of the business benefits? Does the sponsor challenge the project team assumptions and plans?
  • Governance – Are formal processes in place to manage the project in line with corporate standards in place and used effectively? These should include processes to manage quality, risk, change, dependencies, suppliers and escalation of issues.
  • Project Plans and Milestones – Should be realistic with appropriate contingency identified with a baseline plan subject to change control to maintain project management discipline. Have basic quantitative checks of project viability been made and documented?
  • Resources and Functional Capability – A key test is whether the project have the resources it needs. This should include consideration of both management and technical capability, staffing numbers and skills, infrastructure and budget.
  • Stakeholders and Users – Stakeholders should be properly engaged and managed. Their roles should be clearly defined especially with regard to decision making or advice. Is appropriate information being made available to those stakeholders who need to be kept informed; is there a communication plan being operated?
  • External Factors – Finally the health check should consider the impact and the project team’s awareness of external factors. This might include, amongst others, regulatory changes, competition, social, political, economic and environmental matters.

Value of a Critical Friend

“Critical friends” should be experienced project managers and may have a specialist background to enable them to quickly evaluate the project. It helps if “critical friends” are aware of the business context but they should be independent of the project being reviewed.

Such reviewers will provide an alternative view of all aspects of the project, scope and processes that will allow them to provide a supportive challenge to the project manager, business sponsor and other key project management staff.

A key test should be how well the project sponsor and manager understand the challenge they face. Are they on top of the task and have the skills and capability to deliver the project objectives.

Recommendations and Action Plan

The final documentation may be a formal report but the most important element is the recommendation section. From that the project manager and business sponsor should agree an action plan to address the recommendations and when and how that action plan should be monitored. The recommendations will be used in any subsequent health checks or aa part of the governance process.

Even on a very large project a small team should be able to undertake a project review in a day or three. It is time well spent as it provides fresh insight and also cause the project management to stand back and reassess the state of the project.

The Natural Beauty Routine

Most of us look in the mirror on a daily basis before getting into the shower and say, “uggh.” Whatever your beauty concerns, you have conditioned yourself to say this every day and eventually it becomes integrated into your belief system as fact. Now we all have our bad days, myself included, but focusing on all your flaws is damaging to your self esteem. The way you view yourself is the way others view you as well and you will never feel beautiful thinking this way.

Let’s face it, we all have our flaws, but we can use them to our advantage. Instead, look in the mirror, into your own eyes and say to yourself, “I am beautiful.” Believe it with all your heart and just as you have conditioned yourself to focus negatively on all your flaws, just the opposite will happen. Walk away from the mirror with confidence and not only will you see it, but so will the others around you.

Outer Beauty

Body Care:

First take a warm shower and use a vegan soap to wash with. (Chandakra $1.39) For shampoo and conditioner, try (Giovanni’s organic $7.99) they make a formula for every hair type and you’ll love the results! When coming out of the shower, you just want to pat dry your skin with a towel and add a natural moisturizer if it feels dry. (Burt’s Bees $8.99)

Facial Care:

Apply a tinted moisturizer, choosing the appropriate color for your skin tone. If you want a more sun kissed glow, you can go a little darker than your skin tone and it still looks perfectly natural. A little goes a long way. (Physicians Formula $10.69) Follow with a blush also according to your skin tone. Try rosy cheeks in the winter and a sun kissed bronzer for the summer. (Physicians Formula $12.39)

Don’t pile on the makeup! Instead, choose some of your boldest features and make them POP! Maybe it’s your eyebrows or your cheek bones, play them up! Give your eyes a lift by curling your eyelashes with a curler, being careful not to pull as you curl, and last, hydrate your lips and add a little shine with a moisturizing lip balm. (Yes to Carrots $2.99)

Nail Care:

Give yourself a home pedicure/manicure in minutes! Have a nail kit on hand for your feet and hands as well as foot and hand lotion (Burt’s Bees $8.99) and my absolute favorite- cuticle cream from Burt’s Bees ($.2.99) Cut your nails when your just getting out of the shower, when your nails are soft to prevent chipping or damage. Next get to work on filing and buffing and whatever else you’d like to use. Follow up with a moisture rich cream and the Burt’s Bees lemon cuticle cream.

Enjoy your new routine for a new you and keep me posted on how it’s working for you. All of the products I have mentioned can be found between these three stores as follows: Target, Wegmans and whole foods. If you’re an online shopper just Google the names and find the best deal for you.