Amoebiasis is a common infection occurring in the gastrointestinal tract of humans. It is caused by a parasite known as Entamoeba Histolytica. Entamoeba Histolytica often burrows deep into the walls of the intestines, causing infections and abscesses. From the intestinal walls, it can travel to the spleen, liver, and all other essential parts of the body, thereby causing further infection.
Amoebiasis can lead to more serious complications if not given immediate treatment. Therefore, it is imperative to seek medical assistance if the presence of this disease is suspected in a person. A person who has this disease may feel a number of symptoms but in some cases, the condition can be asymptomatic, where no symptoms are felt at all.
Signs That a Person May Have Amoebiasis
The symptoms of amoebiasis may range from mild to severe. Not all people that have this disease may show signs of the infection but when symptoms do appear, they may take in a variety of forms, including the following:
- Vomiting: This may be an indication of severe infection in the gastrointestinal tract.
- Diarrhea: Persons with mild amoebiasis may pass stool at least three to eight times a day. The stool may be soft with specks of mucus and blood.
- Bloody stools: This is an indication of chronic or more severe amoebiasis. Usually, individuals may pass bloody, liquid stools of at least 10 to 20 times per day.
- Abdominal pain
- sudden weight loss
- Abdominal cramps
- Loss of appetite
- Fatigue: This can result due to the loss of a lot of liquid in the body.
- Intestinal gas
- Rectal pain during movement of bowel
How Long Will the Symptoms of Amoebiasis Last?
The duration of symptoms may differ from person to person but usually, signs may develop and may manifest themselves in people for days and even weeks. While some people may be lucky enough not to feel any adverse symptoms at all, some may suffer greatly from the onset of the disease. Some people with asymptomatic amoebiasis may carry the disease for a number of years before they may finally succumb to the effects of the infection.
Amoebiasis Can Lead to Complications
People with amoebiasis may not only suffer from the primary symptoms of the disease. Without proper treatment, the disease can lead to certain severe complications. There are several complications of amoebiasis that may arise and these include liver abscess, lung abscess, and brain abscess. These complications are often characterized by the presence of pus in the liver, lung, and the brain.
Amoebiasis Can Be Misdiagnosed
There are instances that the attending physician may commit a mistake in diagnosing the real condition of a patient showing the various symptoms of amoebiasis. Misdiagnosis is a common occurrence as the symptoms may also be signs of other diseases. At times, the misdiagnosis may be committed because of wrong information provided by the patient, misleading laboratory tests, and partly because of mistakes committed by the attending doctor.
Due to misdiagnosis of amoebiasis, a person may not be provided with proper treatment at the most possible time. In the process, the individual may likely suffer more from the infection. There are two forms of misdiagnosis. One is that the condition may be mistaken for another type of disease. The second may deal with what type of amoebiasis is present. To avoid the consequences of misdiagnosis, it may be advisable to seek a second opinion.